Behavioral and physiological indicators of stress and pain in a newborn – using administration of local anaesthetics for castration of piglets as a model

Applications are invited for a PhD fellowship/scholarship at Graduate School of Science and Technology, Aarhus University, Denmark, within the Animal Science programme. The position is available from 1 May 2019 or later.


Title:

Behavioral and physiological indicators of stress and pain in a newborn – using administration of local anaesthetics for castration of piglets as a model


Research area and project description:
This project aims to develop and strengthen the validity and sensitivity of behavioral and physiological indicators of stress and pain – inference of which can be challenging in newborn animals. Piglets are a relevant model, as male piglets are castrated in the first days of life to prevent the development of boar-taint in the meat. Castration is painful and in some countries the use of local anaesthesia by farmers is now being implemented. However, it is unclear, which application method is the best way to achieve optimal effect and minimal discomfort for the piglets during the process.

This project focuses on quantification of stress and pain  in piglets and seeks to validate methodologies suitable for the quantification of castration pain in piglets based on different types of sensitive indicators. In the project, different types of administration of local anaesthetics in testicular tissue will be evaluated in terms of intra- and postoperative pain and welfare of the piglets.

The PhD project is part of an ambitious group of experienced researchers joined together to create solid data in an attractive research environment, with good learning opportunity for the motivated candidate.


Qualifications and specific competences:
Applicants must have a relevant Master’s degree in biology, animal science or veterinary science.


Place of Employment and Place of Work:
The place of employment is Aarhus University, and the place of work is Research Centre Foulum, Blichers Alle 20, 8830 Tjele, Denmark. 


Contacts:
Applicants seeking further information are invited to contact:

Senior researcher Mette S. Herskin, Department of Animal Science, telephone: +4550502969; Email: MetteS.Herskin@anis.au.dk

Application procedures

Before you apply

Information and attachments:

Please be aware that you must have all relevant appendices, attachments, addresses for referees, etc. ready when you apply, as the entire application must be uploaded to the system in one go.


Documentation of language skills:

The English language requirement at GSST is comparable to an “English B level” in the Danish upper secondary school (“gymnasium”).

English language qualifications comparable to an “English B level” are documented by one of the following tests:

  • TOEFL test, minimum score: 560 (paper-based test) or 83 (internet-based test). The paper-based test must have a “total score”. From the August 2019 call, GSST will no longer accept the paper-based test.
    Aarhus University does not accept the TOEFL ITP test. Aarhus University’s TOEFL code is 8935. Ask the test centre to send your test results to Aarhus University, in order to enable verification of your test results.
  • IELTS (academic) test, minimum average score: 6.5 points
  • Cambridge English Language Assessment:
    Cambridge Certificate of Proficiency (CPE)
    Cambridge English: Certificate of Advanced English with grade A,B or C (CAE)
    Cambridge English: First Certificate  with grade A (FCE)


When to take the test and how to upload the documentation:

The test result must not be more than two years old at the time of application.

The English language test should be taken before applying for admission and uploaded under “language skills documentation” in the online application form.

It is possible to apply for admission before you have taken the test. In this case documentation stating that you have signed up for a test (please state expected submission date) must be uploaded. If the test result is not part of the original application the test result is to be sent to sphd@psys.au.dk no later than one month after the application deadline.


The following applicants are exempted from documenting their English qualifications/taking a test:

  • Applicants with citizenship from the following countries: Australia, Canada, Ireland, New Zealand, the United Kingdom, the United States, or one of the Nordic countries (Denmark, Finland, Iceland, Norway or Sweden).
  • Applicants with a Bachelor’s or Master’s programme completed in Australia, Canada, Ireland, New Zealand, the United Kingdom, or the United States. In this case, please upload your Bachelor’s or Master’s diploma under the section ”Language skills documentation”.
  • Applicants with a Bachelor’s or Master’s programme completed at Aarhus University for which the requirement was English B level at the time of admission. In this case, please upload your Bachelor’s or Master’s diploma under the section” Language skills documentation”.

The programme committee may request further information or invite the applicant to attend an interview.


How to apply:

1)      Find the application form:
Go to www.phd.scitech.au.dk/for-applicants/apply-here 
Choose February 2019 Call with deadline 1 February 2019 at 11.59 PM MET.
You will be directed to the call, and must choose the programme 'Animal Science'


2)      Fill in the following information:

  • Personal information
  • Academic background
  • Admission
  • Financing (if any)
  • Study: In the dropdown menu you must choose the project: "Behavioral and physiological indicators of stress and pain in a newborn – using administration of local anaesthetics for castration of piglets as a model"
  • Source (how you found out about the call)

Next to some of the information fields you will find a number. Click on the number to get further directions on how to fill in the information field/what information is needed.


3)      Application attachments:

Please be aware that you cannot submit the application if one or several of these documents have not been uploaded.

If you wish to upload more than one document under each section, you must scan/merge all documents into one large PDF file and upload this. Please note that we reserve the right to remove scientific papers, large reports, theses and the like. Instead you can indicate a URL where the information is available.

Please note that all information in the application must be in Danish or English.

As a minimum all applications must include (pdf-files only, max. 20 MB, no zip):

  • One reference (template for references)
  • Curriculum vitae,
  • Motivation (max. 1 page)
  • Transcripts and diploma(s)
  • Project description (½-4 pages). For technical reasons, you must upload a project description. When - as here - you apply for a specific project, please simply copy the project description above, and upload it as a PDF in the application. If you wish to, you can indicate an URL where further information can be found. Please note that we reserve the right to remove scientific papers, large reports, theses and the like.
  • Documentation of language skills if required.

After submission of the application, you will receive a confirmation e-mail with an application ID, you should use for reference if needed. The e-mail will also include a link to the application – GSST urges you to check that all mandatory data, marked with an asterisk (*), is registered correctly and all attached files are readable. If there are any significant errors, you should reply to the confirmation e-mail with the correct details before the application deadline.

GSST reserves the right to verify the authenticity of your educational diploma and transcripts:

  • Request additional information to verify an application.
  • Reject the application if it is proven, or if the University has reasonable belief, that the information provided is false or if the applicant refuses to provide the requested information, whether or not an offer has already been made. 
  • For further information on applying, assessment procedures, etc. please see the GSST application guide here.  

Please note:

  • The programme committee may request further information or invite the applicant to attend an interview.
  • The project will only be initiated if final funding (from GSST/the faculty) is secured.

All interested candidates are encouraged to apply, regardless of their personal background.

15371 / i43